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南外加试英语作文点拨

时间:2017-12-21 09:39来源:未知 作者:南外加试班 点击:
南外加试英语作文点拨 首先简单介绍一下南外国际班加试作文,前年作文是30分,去年作文为20分(满分120),分值占总分比还是比较高的。而且字数往年也是要求最少150字,所以同学在考试时一定要预留至少30分钟去写作文。加试作文的风格跟雅思托福的独立写作作
南外加试英语作文点拨
   首先简单介绍一下南外国际班加试作文,前年作文是30分,去年作文为20分(满分120),分值占总分比还是比较高的。而且字数往年也是要求最少150字,所以同学在考试时一定要预留至少30分钟去写作文。加试作文的风格跟雅思托福的独立写作作文很像,就是给学生一个话题,然后学生要能够发表自己的观点并去论证。比如说去年跟前年的题目就是:
1、金钱是不是衡量成功的标准
2、做好事就一定有好运
3、看电视是好处多还是坏处多
4、旅行是不是一种好的学习方式


碰到这种对于很抽象的题目,很多学生觉得无从下手,字数要求也比较多,那该怎么办呢?
首先,我们写这类文章的结构一般分为四或五部分:
第一段:陈述观点
第二段:论点+举例
第三段:论点+举例
(第四段:论点+举例)
第四段:总结


  第一段一定要声明自己的观点,切不可中立(中立的情况是存在的,但是写作难度比较大,初三的学生建议还是不要尝试了,写不好,会被直接判为没有自己的观点)。第一段声明自己的观点可以通过以下几种方式引入:
第一类:引出一个争议
1.The topic of … is of great concern for .......
2.The subject of … is of great importance to .......
3.The discussion about … is of great influence on ........
4.The question of ...is a matter of .........
5.The problem … has been widely debated .........
第二类:驳斥对方观点
1.Although it is commonly believed that…,
2.Although it is widely accepted that…
3.Although the received opinion is that…
第三类:引出一种现象
1.In recent years, there has been a growing trend that…
2.In recent years, there has been an interesting tendency that
3.In recent years, there has been a common practice of…
4.In recent years, there has been a widespread belief that…
5.In recent decades, there has been a popular belief that…
6.Recent decades have seen an increased awareness of…
第四类:摆出两种观点
1.While some people think that…, others believe that…
2.While some people say that…, others feel that…
3.While some people claim that…, others argue that…
4.Some people hold that…, whereas others insist that…
5.Some people hold the opinion that…, whereas others present the argument that…
第五类:独立主格结构
1.With the development of…
2.With the advent of…
3.With the huge expansion of…
4.With the gradual evolution of…


  第二段跟第三段(第四段),学生发表论点之后,就可以举例子来证明自己的论点,举例子相对而言比较好写而且字数比较容易凑。我们就以金钱是不是成功的标准为例,如果认为金钱不是衡量成功的标准的话,那有很多例子可以列举,比如说梵高,海子,林肯等等反过来说,有钱的并不成功的太多了。看似很抽象的topic,论点加上举例,两段就出来了那最后一段就是总结我们可以用一下几种方式来收尾。
一、建议法
1.Therefore, it is (strongly) suggested that…
2.Thus, it is (highly) recommended that…
3.My advice to… is that…
4.One of my practical suggestions is that…
5.Based on the above understanding, my recommendation is that…
二、未来法
1.Therefore, it is predicted that…
2.Thus, it is projected that…
3.With the advent/ advance of…
4.My prediction about… is that…
5.Personally speaking,
三、本质法
1.In fact, …
2.In essence, …
3.As a matter of fact, …
4.At the core of the issue is/ are…
5.Still, the bottom line is that…
四、升华法
1.On a deeper level, …
2.Perceived from another point of view, …
3.To be sure, … will bring about profound changes in …
4.Indeed, … is something we cannot afford to ignore.
5.However, one thing is certain: …


  以上就是加试作文的一个文章结构,那下面就是加试作文里面的内容了。
  决定我们能不能得高分的五个要素为名词性从句,状语从句,定语从句,倒装句以及连词的正确使用。学生如果对从句的写作使用不是特别熟练的话,写的时候就要避免犯错了,不能为了使用从句而用从句,如果用错了,那语法分还丢了就得不偿失了。
  从句的使用量力而行,有学生平时没有使用从句的习惯,突然一下使用从句,经常会常常只写了从句部分而主句就丢了,或者定语从句的关系词使用不正确等情况 所以,到了冲刺阶段,量力而行,不要强迫自己,以用对为标准。


  下面就是连词的使用了。连词相对而言就比较好使用。这边总结了一下连词及短语,希望对学生的写作有帮助。
一、表层次:
first, firstly, to begin with, in the first place, second, secondly, to start with, furthermore, third, thirdly, what’s more, last but not the least, also, and then, next, besides, equally important, too, moreover, in addition, finally
二、表转折:
by contrast, although though, yet, at the same time, but, despite ,the fact that, even so, in contrast, nevertheless, even though, on the other hand, otherwise, instead, still, regardless
三、表因果:
Therefore, consequently, because of, for this reason, thus, hence, due to, owing to, so,
Accordingly, thanks to, on this account, since, as on that account, in this way, for,
as a result, as a consequence
四、表让步:
Still, nevertheless, in spite of, all the same, of course, despite, even so, after all
五、表递进:
Furthermore, moreover, likewise, what is more, besides, also, not only…but also…
Too, in addition
六、表举例:
for example, for instance, for one thing, that is, to illustrate
七、表解释:
as a matter of fact, frankly speaking, in this case, namely, in other words
八、表总结:
in summary, in a word, thus, as has been said, in brief, in conclusion, altogether, in other words, to conclude, in fact, finally, in simpler terms, indeed, in short, in particular, that is in other words, ,on the whole, to put it differently, namely, all in all, therefore, to summarize
九、表强调:
of course, indeed, surely, as a matter of fact, above all, most important, in particular, that is to say, certainly, in fact, anyway, in this case, naturally, obviously, no doubt, actually, clearly
十、表时间:
after a while, afterward, next, now, again, and then, presently, second, as long as, at last, shortly, simultaneously, at length, at that time , since , so far, before, earlier, soon, still, eventually, finally, subsequently, then, formerly ,further, thereafter, until, in the first place, in the past, until, now, when, last, meanwhile, lately.


  最后,跟大家分享一篇比较优秀的范文,希望对学生有所帮助:“体育课”是否应该被“文化课”取代
  Nowadays there is a trend that physical exercise as a subject has been replaced by academic ones in many schools. This has caused some concern and dissatisfaction among people, including me. I believe that physical exercise is very essential for the health of schoolchildren.
  In the first place, it is true that in China most schoolchildren have to suffer a very heavy burden in academic subjects and they also face a wide range of tests or examinations. Therefore, they sometimes tend to feel tired and sick. In the meanwhile. sports classes can be taken as a very useful way to ease their mental exhaustion, giving them a comforting period of relaxation. On the subject of physical exercise, children can take part in some healthy activities such as jogging, aerobics and so forth, according to the instruction of professional sports teachers. During class, they have a chance to relieve the stress caused by the great deal of studying that they have to do.
  In addition to this, the subject of physical exercise is the occasion when children can work together on some particular games or sports like basketball or football. Through these team sports, they are able to have a talk with their classmates and develop team spirit, which is considered a very important quality for a successful adult to have.
  In spite of this, the major focus of each student should be academic subjects. As a result, the amount of physical exercise should be limited, where it not only helps students to reach their goal but also benefits their health physically and spiritually. My view is that physical subject should be required once or twice a week. Meanwhile. other activities can he finished in his or her spare time or on holidays.
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