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南外加试试卷(历年)

时间:2017-11-17 09:43来源:未知 作者:南外加试班 点击:
南外加试试卷(历年) 南外历年加试试题选 Sign Language When speech is not possible, many people use some form of sign language, This is a way to communicate by using hand gestures (n.手势) and symbols n.符号). In the past, tribes of American
南外加试试卷(历年)

南外历年加试试题选
Sign Language
    When speech is not possible, many people use some form of sign language, This is a way to communicate by using hand gestures (n.手势) and symbols n.符号). In the past, tribes of American Indians used sign language to commumcate as each tribe spoke a different language, More recently, the British and American hostages (n.人质) held in Beirut  (n. 贝鲁特) used a simple form of sign language as they were not allowed to speak to each other.
     However, the most common form of sign language used today is used by people who are deaf. In it, simple hand signs and gestures symbolize (vt.象征) ideas rather than single words. This means that it is a very different kind of language. Deaf people can communicate quickly and easily using this language, although when they are 'signing' to a hearing person they might change the way they say things so that the word order is more like speech. There is no special sign for some words, like names of people or places, so these words must be spelled out, letter by letter. This means that there has to be a finger alphabet (n.字母表), with 26 hand symbols; one for each other.
     Sign language for deaf people was developed in France in the 19th century and is now used all over the world. American Sign Language or ASL, is the fourth most mon language used in America today .
Questions:
1. When is sign language used?
    Sign language is used/People use sign language when speech is not possible. (2分)
2. What is sign language?
    Sign language is a way to communicate by using hand gestures (1 分) and symbols (1分).
3. Who usually uses sign language now?
    Deaf people. (2 分)
4. What words do not have a special sign?
   Words like names of people (1分) or places. (1分)
Topic:
     Have you ever communicated by using hand gestures and symbols? When might it be useful?
     Possible key points for topic: in a foreign country; speak different languages; meet a deaf person, …
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