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南京常青藤 2018年1月20日雅思考试作文预测

时间:2018-01-24 09:59来源:未知 作者:南外加试班 点击:
南京常青藤 2018年1月20日雅思考试作文预测 大作文 一.科技类 1.Mobile phones and the Internet are very useful. However, it is rare for?old people to use them.??What ways could mobile phone and the Internet be useful to old people? How does th
南京常青藤 2018年1月20日雅思考试作文预测

大作文

  一.科技类
  1.Mobile phones and the Internet are very useful. However, it is rare for?old people to use them.??What ways could mobile phone and the Internet be useful to old people? How does the old people to be encouraged using this new technology?
  2.The development of technology changes the way people connect with each other. In which way does the development of technology change the types of relationships among people? Does it have positive or negative effects on the relationships?
  科技发展对生活的影响
  1.1现代科技让人更轻松,休闲时间更多的观点
  1.汽车,飞机和铁路的普及减少了人们在路途上奔波的时间(spend less time commuting);电脑和自动化等设备(computerization and automation)让人们可以更快更有效的完成工作,休闲时间更多
  2.效率的增高和收入的增高(rising wages),人们不需要加班也能够获得足够的收入。此时,人们对生活质量的要求更高,可以支付得起更多的娱乐活动(able to afford recreational activities),在休闲的时间里放松自己
  现代科技让人更繁忙,休闲时间更少的观点
  1.新科技的产生加快了工作节奏,人们需要不断的接受教育和培训以适应新科技带来的变化(keep pace with the fast development of technology),人们因此更加繁忙
  2.电脑和因特网的产生让人们在正常工作时间之外也可以工作(work beyond normal working hours)。科技的发展促进全球化,人们需要加班工作以消除时差的影响
  二.媒体类
  1.Advertising encourages consumers to buy in quantity rather than promoting quality. To what extent do you agree or disagree??
  2.Some people believe that time spent on television, video and computer games can be valuable for children. Others believe this has negative effects on a child. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  媒体的正面影响
  1.媒体提供各种各样的信息,包括重要新闻(hard news),娱乐新闻(soft news),体育新闻,健康快讯,园艺(gardening tips),名人轶事(celebrity anecdote)
  2.媒体关注贫穷和道德等社会问题,号召相关部门对此采取措施
  媒体的负面影响
  1.媒体对事件的倾向性报道会让人们对社会产生错误的理解,误解其发展趋势(growing trends)
  2.媒体可能会改变我们的社会观念,生活方式和文化意识。比如,西方媒体改变了我们的一些社会观念,导致一些传统意识被逐步淡化;生活方式也在慢慢改变,例如人们开始习惯快餐(dependence on convenient food);文化逐渐被西化,有些人变得崇洋
  3.有时由于政治或者商业的原因,媒体会报道不真实的信息,误导观众
  4.媒体暴力影响人们的行为,是引起暴力犯罪的部分原因
  三.社会类
  1.In the past, buildings often reflected the culture of a society but today all modern buildings look alike and cities throughout the world are becoming more and more similar. What do you think is the reason for this, and is it a good thing or a bad thing? (房屋建筑)
  2.6.Some people think most crime is the result of circumstances e.g. poverty and other social problems. Others believe that most crime is caused by people who are bad by nature. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. (犯罪)
  3.Today’s children are living under more pressure from the society than children in the past. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (压力)
  4.Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists, not local people. Why is it the case? What can be done to attract local people? (文化)
  5. Some people believe that environmental problems are too big for individuals to deal with, while others think that individuals should take some action. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(环境)
  6.Some people believe that health care should be free for everyone, while others think that people should pay for their health care. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.(政府医疗)
  7.Older people who need employment have to complete with younger people. What problems does this cause? What are the solutions? (老年人)
  8.Food can be produced much more cheaply today because of improved fertilizers and better machinery. However, some of the methods used to do this may be dangerous to human health and may have negative effects on local communities. To what extent do you agree or disagree??(食物)

  政府医疗投资与否
  完善的医疗健康服务(high quality and availability of health care)可以赢得人们对国家的忠诚度,使人们愿意在一个国家生活和工作,以此留住有生产能力和技术的工作者;为残疾人,退休者及贫穷的人提供帮助(render assistance to the disabled,retired and disadvantaged);提高国民的健康
  税收的作用
  1.如果政府控制所有的医疗行业,那么服务行业就很可能缺少市场观念(not market driven),也不会强调节省费用(cost efficiency),医疗服务和教育设施质量不高(a greater likelihood of lower-quality health care and educational services),造成等待治疗的人数激增(long waiting lists for access to some medical treatments,especially those of a specialised or advanced nature);
  2.有时,健康问题是自己的生活习惯所致,比如超速驾驶,过度饮食或酗酒(speed driving, overeating,excessive drinking),此时政府不应该负责
  现代社会的三个特点
  1.keen competition makes employees work overtime
  2.spend more time learning new technologies and upgrading knowledge and skills
  3.spend more time processing all types of information in this information age. As a result, the quality family time reduces
  环境类思路
  根本原因root causes: population growth, industrial development, long-term human activities.
  传统建筑的优势
  1.esthetic value
  2.cultural heritage
  现代建筑的优势
  1.raise the utilization rate of land; population growth; consist with the urbanization trend
  2.modern technologies: lift, air conditioning, more comfortable
  社会类有关老年人常见观点
  1.rich experience in both work and life, good consultants
  2.do some volunteer work
  3.medical care and pension pose a financial burden for government
  4.labor shortage, economy hole

 小作文
  一级重点:线图 表格
  二级重点:流程 混合
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